Ten Ways to Identify Solid Wood Products

Release time: 2024-01-30

Many products that claim to be solid wood actually have many parts that are not solid wood.
I have summarized some of the most commonly used and simplest methods for your reference.
(1) Verify solid wood
One of the secrets to determine whether it is solid wood furniture is: wood grain, cross-section, and scarring.
Wood grain: It looks like a pattern on the outside, so corresponding to the position of the pattern change, look at the corresponding pattern on the back of the cabinet door. If the correspondence is good, it is pure solid wood.
Section: The color of the section is generally darker than the panel, and you can see that the tree’s growth rings and wood grain holes are made from a single piece of wood. If not, it may be made from non-whole logs.
Scarring: Look at the location of the scarred side, and then look for corresponding patterns on the other side.
(2) Determine tree species
This is a factor that directly affects price and quality. From the cheapest pine and oak to the expensive mahogany, the prices vary dozens of times. Therefore, don’t ignore the tree species just because it is solid wood. After all, solid wood such as pine, in addition to being environmentally friendly, has much worse performance than artificial boards. The market for solid wood furniture is relatively chaotic, with shoddy products and mixed tree species often occurring. It is best to buy brand-name products. At the same time, be aware that the price of wood is rising day by day, and anything that is too cheap is definitely a scam. Red oak is a high-end furniture material with a hard texture and excellent performance.
(3) Observe the wood
Open furniture cabinet doors and drawers and observe whether the wood is tight and delicate, and whether all materials are consistent; if there is furniture made of particle board, density board, one-time molded board and other materials, open the cabinet door or drawer and smell it to see if it is irritating. odor.
(4) Looking for defects
The main stress-bearing parts of the furniture, such as the columns and the load-bearing horizontal bars connecting the columns close to the ground, should not have large knots or cracks. The structure must be firm, the frame must not be loose, and no broken tenons or materials are allowed. Various accessories must be installed without missing pieces, missing nails, or through nails. When buying, you should carefully check every detail. There are several major defects in solid wood: cracking, scarring, insect holes, mildew, and cracking. Naturally, you should not buy it.
Scars: If there are scars on the front, there will also be scars in the same position on the back. These scars are basically dead knots and will fall off over time. Therefore, furniture with such defects must not be purchased.
Insect Eyes: Although many furniture claims to have been dried and degreased, except for those Western-style solid wood furniture that are specially carved with insect holes by yourself, do not buy other furniture.
Mildew: Wood that is green and has water stains cannot be purchased. The performance of moldy wood is no longer the same as before.
(5) Inspection intensity
The strength of the board can be measured with your fingers to feel the firmness of the board. One side of the material should be fixed with a tic-tac-shaped skeleton. If the skeleton is sparse, you will feel empty when you press the surface, and the panel will vibrate greatly. The bottom of the drawer should be pressed by hand to test the strength. Generally, the bottom of the partition is made of multi-purpose laminates, which have a large area. The partitions should be made of five-layer boards.
(6) Safety performance
Observe whether the drawer or door frame is tilted, whether the tenon eye position is crooked or the eye hole is too large, the tenon is not tight, and other parts are skewed due to low craftsmanship.
Wooden furniture must be safe and stable. When the two cabinet doors are opened 90 degrees, gently pull them forward with your hands. The cabinet should not automatically tip forward; dressing mirrors and dressing tables must be equipped with back panels and beading. Secure the glass surface. Individual parts of the furniture (such as legs, drawers, cabinet doors or brackets, etc.) must have sufficient support. You can gently push the upper corners of the furniture or sit on the side to test whether the furniture is firm.
(7) Check the interface
Heavier furniture should be screwed with protective blocks at the corners and glued in place. As for the back panel, you must also check whether it is set properly and the screws are installed.
Good solid wood furniture is connected using tongue-and-groove methods, and in places where the load is relatively large, screws and protective blocks are used to reinforce it. If the solid wood furniture you see is all fixed with screws, then this type of furniture is not very strong. To judge the firmness of furniture, you can shake the furniture to feel its stability.
(8) Test slide
The drawer should be strong and secure, with screws tightened on the inside. You may wish to open drawers, movable tabletops, cabinet doors and other parts to see if they can be used freely and connected correctly.
(9) Touch surface
Put your hands on the surface of the furniture and carefully check whether the polished surface is smooth, especially whether the legs and other parts are rough, whether there are streaks on the paint, whether the paint on the corners is too thick, and whether there are cracks or bubbles. The paint film on the surface of the product is not allowed to wrinkle, become sticky or leak paint.
(10) Drawer details
The drawer should be solid and secure, with screws tightened inside. You may wish to open drawers, movable tabletops, cabinet doors and other parts to ensure that they can be used freely and connected correctly. The drawer bottom has a certain thickness and is connected to the drawer bottom using grooves instead of nails.